A History of Forestry
in New Brunswick
The province’s healthy forests cover more than 6 million hectares (15 million acres) of New Brunswick’s 7 million hectares (18 million acres) of land. That’s 83% of the province! Crown land forest makes up approximately half of the province’s forests.
Forestry is the largest industry in New Brunswick. More than any other Canadian province, New Brunswick relies on the resources of this renewable industry.
The forestry industry has been an economic mainstay since the 1800s when rich stands of coniferous trees such as pine, spruce and hemlock were harvested for timber, shipbuilding, and railroad construction both domestically and overseas.
In the 1900s, wood pulp mills appeared and the pulp and paper industry vigorously surpassed the lumber industry. Thirty years later, major insect infestations, the impacts of overharvesting, and changing global priorities ushered in a more sustainable approach to forest management. Today, New Brunswick’s forest management standards rank with the best in North America.